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60 years of the Rome Treaties

60 years of the Rome Treaties

Who we are
Some dates and figures
EIB impact: Boosting GDP and jobs
Chronology of the EIB
Governance and structure
Shareholders
Statutory bodies
Board of Governors
Ethics and Compliance Committee
Appointment Advisory Committee
Board of Directors
Board Committee on Staff Remuneration and Budget
Board Committee on Risk Policy
Board Committee on Equity Participation Policy
Management Committee
Audit Committee
Control and evaluation
Organisation structure
Corporate responsibility
Responsible finance
Responsible borrower
Our footprint
An employer of choice
Community engagement
Reporting on sustainability
G.R.I.
Compliance
Tax good governance
Accountability
Complaints mechanism
Cases
Admissibility
Procedure
Initial assessment
Investigation
Mediation
Consultation
Our response
Admissibility timing
Procedure summary
How to complain
FAQ
Fraud and corruption
How to report fraud or corruption
Part of the EU family
EFSI
EFSI projects
EFSI project list
What is the European Fund for Strategic Investments?
Why a European Fund for Strategic Investments?
How does a project get EFSI financing?
Governance
Steering Board
Investment Committee
Tackling global challenges together
Together on forced displacement and migration
Together on infrastructure
Together on climate
Partners
Civil society
Events
Consultations
Key policies and standards
Contacts
The EIB’s commitment to transparent lending
Banking community
Multilateral development banks
Universities
Jobs
Working for the EIB
Professional and managerial
Administrative and support
The GRAD programme
Secondments
Student jobs
Selection process
Current vacancies
FAQ - Jobs
Procurement
Economic research
European research hub
Our research
Surveys and data
Promoting dialogue
Assessing the macroeconomic impact of EIB activities

60 years of the Rome Treaties

Sixty years ago, on 25 March 1957, two treaties were signed in Rome that marked the start of the European Economic Community and the European Atomic Energy Community. The Treaties of Rome established a common market based on "four freedoms", namely the free movement of persons, services, goods and capital. The common market created the conditions for prosperity and stability for European citizens.

The history of the European Investment Bank cannot be dissociated from that of the European project. The creation of the Bank was finalised during the negotiations which preceded the signing of the Treaty of Rome establishing the European Economic Community.

As well as contributing to the financing of projects of common interest, the treaty also met the concerns of those who feared that the common market would accentuate imbalances in regional development.

The Bank would thus mobilise capital to promote the cohesion of the European area and modernise the economy. These initial objectives continue to guide and inspire the EU bank today.

Find out more about the 60th anniversary of the Rome Treaties

The European Investment Bank, part of the EU family

The EIB maintains close working ties with the other members of the family of EU institutions in pursuit of the Union's objectives. Find out more

A drive along Italy’s roads

In the 1960s Italian motorways started to connect the poorer south with the industrial north—and beyond



A bank aboard the Airbus

Since the 1970s Airbus developed new concepts in air transport with planes built across Europe



Urban development gets on the agenda

The UK remade industrial inner cities in the 1980s as vibrant urban centres—a strategy that has been taken up all over Europe



A bridge to zen

The 1990s saw the construction of the Öresund Bridge, a vital transport link in the Trans European Network—and one Swedish motorcyclist’s daily moment of zen



Big science: a decade of innovation

In the first decade of the new millennium, the large hadron collider took European innovation into a new dimension



Against the economic cycle: Small businesses and offshore wind

The Investment Plan for Europe aims to make this a decade in which small and medium-sized businesses and innovative technologies find financial backing that might previously have been denied




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