Reference: SG/E/2015/16
Received Date: 05 November 2015
Subject: D4R7 Slovakia PPP
Complainant: Institute INEKO and Nadácia Zastavme Korupciu
Allegations: Failure to assess governance aspects of the project as well as environmental and social impacts
Type: E - Environmental and social impacts of financed projects
Outcome*: No grounds
Recommendations: yes

* Admissibility date reflects the date the case was officially registered. All other dates pertain to the date in which a stage was completed.

Case Description


In November 2015, the Managing Director of “Nadácia Zastavme korupciu” (Stop Corruption Foundation, Slovakia) and the Director of INEKO (Institute for Economic and Social Reforms, Slovakia) submitted a complaint to the European Investment Bank Complaints Mechanism (EIB-CM) concerning the D4 Highway and R7 Expressway PPP project. The complainants raised objections against the decision of the EIB to finance the project.

The allegations of the complainants concern the promoter’s actions during the planning and preparation of the project. The complainants presented allegations that challenged the environmental and social impact as well as the public procurement and governance aspects of the project: 

(i) The complainants point out that the Ministry only organised one public procurement tender for the Feasibility Study of the project, with only one bidder.

(ii) The complainants challenge the EIB’s due diligence during the economic appraisal of the project contending that (i) the PPP model used for the project constitutes an inefficient use of public financial resources, and (ii) the promoter did not study alternative project financing models.

(iii) The complainants refer to the promoter’s failure to provide access to information during the preparation of the project.

(iv) The complainants allege that the EIB failed to verify that the promoter studied alternative transport modalities to the D4 highway and R7 expressway, for example more effective utilisation of the public transport system.

(v) The complainants state that the EIB failed to analyse alternative road alignments.

EIB-CM Action

The EIB-CM carried out a desk review of the available information and held meetings with the EIB Services. A fact-finding mission was held in October 2016 to facilitate meetings with the complainants and the promoter. The EIB-CM also met the Representation of the European Commission to Slovakia to keep them informed of the work of the EIB-CM and the preliminary discussions with the parties. Moreover, a group of consultants was hired to perform an independent review of the technical and policy background of the complaint.

The EIB-CM had launched an initial assessment of the case. However, during the course of the investigation, it has been able to reach conclusions on the allegations. The EIB-CM has, therefore, drafted a conclusions report where the main findings and conclusions are presented.

Conclusions and Recommendations 

The EIB-CM has concluded that the first allegation was inadmissible whilst the second and fifth were not grounded. Concerning the third allegation, the EIB-CM concluded that the EIB complied with its due diligence concerning the appraisal of the project.

The EIB-CM found that the fourth allegation was not grounded as the project had fulfilled the eligibility criteria for projects categorised as “roads” under the EIB Transport Lending Policy, which did not require carrying out an analysis of inter-modality at project level. Nevertheless, as some documents concerning inter-modality were still developing at regional level at the time of the EIB appraisal, the EIB-CM recommends the EIB to follow up these issues as part of its engagement at country level with government counterparts and local actors in the Slovak Republic.

Project Information