60 years of the Rome Treaties

60 years of the Rome Treaties

Who we are
Some dates and figures
EIB Group impact: Boosting GDP and jobs
Governance and structure
Statutory bodies
Board of Governors
Ethics and Compliance Committee
Appointment Advisory Committee
Board of Directors
Board Committee on Staff Remuneration and Budget
Board Committee on Risk Policy
Board Committee on Equity Participation Policy
Management Committee
Audit Committee
Control and evaluation
Organisation structure
Our priorities
Climate and environment
Climate action
Environmental protection
Innovation and skills
SMEs and mid-caps
Infrastructure and the EIB
Our initiatives
Economic Resilience Initiative
Gender equality
Circular economy
Sustainable oceans and blue economy
Investing for Youth
Coronavirus outbreak: EIB Group’s response
Corporate responsibility
Providing finance
Reporting on sustainability
Internal Commitment
Our environmental management
Tax good governance
Project Procurement complaints
What we do - Complaints Mechanism
The complaints process - Complaints Mechanism
Submit a complaint - Complaints Mechanism
Frequently Asked Questions - Complaints Mechanism
Investigating Prohibited Conduct
How to report Prohibited Conduct
Part of the EU family
Tackling global challenges together
Together on forced displacement and migration
Together on infrastructure
National Promotional Banks
Banking community
Multilateral development banks
Civil Society and Stakeholder Engagement
Public consultations
EIB transparency and access to information
Civil Society - Key policies and standards
Civil Society - Policy engagement
Civil Society - Events
Civil Society - Contact us
Work with us
We invest in you
Life outside the office
Current vacancies
How to apply

60 years of the Rome Treaties

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On 25 March 1957, two treaties were signed in Rome that marked the start of the European Economic Community and the European Atomic Energy Community. The Treaties of Rome established a common market based on "four freedoms", namely the free movement of persons, services, goods and capital. The common market created the conditions for prosperity and stability for European citizens.

The history of the European Investment Bank cannot be dissociated from that of the European project. The creation of the Bank was finalised during the negotiations which preceded the signing of the Treaty of Rome establishing the European Economic Community.

As well as contributing to the financing of projects of common interest, the treaty also met the concerns of those who feared that the common market would accentuate imbalances in regional development.

The Bank would thus mobilise capital to promote the cohesion of the European area and modernise the economy. These initial objectives continue to guide and inspire the EU bank today.

Find out more about the 60th anniversary of the Rome Treaties

The European Investment Bank, part of the EU family

The EIB maintains close working ties with the other members of the family of EU institutions in pursuit of the Union's objectives. Find out more

A drive along Italy’s roads

In the 1960s Italian motorways started to connect the poorer south with the industrial north—and beyond

A bank aboard the Airbus

Since the 1970s Airbus developed new concepts in air transport with planes built across Europe

Urban development gets on the agenda

The UK remade industrial inner cities in the 1980s as vibrant urban centres—a strategy that has been taken up all over Europe

A bridge to zen

The 1990s saw the construction of the Öresund Bridge, a vital transport link in the Trans European Network—and one Swedish motorcyclist’s daily moment of zen

Big science: a decade of innovation

In the first decade of the new millennium, the large hadron collider took European innovation into a new dimension

Against the economic cycle: Small businesses and offshore wind

The Investment Plan for Europe aims to make this a decade in which small and medium-sized businesses and innovative technologies find financial backing that might previously have been denied