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The second part of the 2022-2023 European Investment Bank (EIB) Climate Survey explores people’s views on climate change in a rapidly changing world. The results from this release focus on people’s individual behaviour and the actions they are taking to combat climate change.

  • 80% of Portuguese people aged 20-29 say the sustainability strategy of prospective employers is an important factor when job hunting (22% even consider it a top priority).
  • 90% of Portuguese respondents are in favour of labelling all food to help limit the impact on climate and the environment.
  • 67% of Portuguese people say they would pay more for climate-friendly food.
  • 68% would be in favour of a carbon budget system to set a cap on the most climate-damaging consumption.
  • 84% are in favour of stricter government measures to impose a change in personal behaviour.

These are some of the results from the latest yearly EIB Climate Survey, conducted in August 2022 and published today. The EIB is the lending arm of the European Union and the world’s largest multilateral lender for climate action projects.

Individual behaviour and stricter government measures

The war in Ukraine and its consequences, including rising energy prices and inflation, have dramatically increased concerns about declining purchasing power in Portugal. However, climate change remains one of the country’s top three challenges, according to Portuguese respondents. Moreover, three-quarters of respondents (86%, or 14 percentage points above the EU average) say they are convinced that their own behaviour can make a difference in addressing the climate emergency.

For many, the government has a role to play in encouraging individual behavioural change. A large majority of Portuguese respondents (84%) are in favour of stricter government measures imposing a change in people’s behaviour to tackle climate change.

>@Graphic workshop/EIB

Jobseeker priorities

A growing number of people entering the workforce each year are looking at employers’ climate credentials when job hunting. Most Portuguese respondents (75%) say it is important that prospective employers prioritise sustainability. For 20% of respondents, it is even a top priority. This majority holds across all income levels. Of people aged 20 to 29 — typically those looking for their first job — more than three-quarters (80%) say that sustainability is an important factor in their choice of employer, and 22% say it is a top priority.

>@Graphic workshop/EIB

Capping individual consumption

Most Portuguese respondents (68%) say they would be in favour of a carbon budget system that would allocate each individual a fixed number of yearly credits to be spent on items with a big carbon footprint (non-essential goods, flights, meat, etc.). Nearly the same rate of Italian participants share this opinion (64%), whereas only 57% of French participants and 59% of Spanish respondents would be in favour.

It is noteworthy that most Portuguese people favour this measure regardless of income (71% of lower-income, 69% of middle-income, and over 66% of higher-income respondents).

Food labelling and pricing

Food production accounts for a significant share of greenhouse gas emissions. To help people make more sustainable choices when grocery shopping, 90% of Portuguese people are in favour of labelling all food products with their climate footprint. This is 6 percentage points above the rate in Spain (84%) and 7 percentage points above the rate in France (83%).

In addition, 67% of Portuguese respondents say they would be willing to pay slightly more for food that is produced locally and more sustainably (a similar level to Spaniards, with 66%, but 7 percentage points more than French people, with 60%). This willingness to pay more for food spans all income groups.

Reducing the consumption of meat and dairy products would be another efficient way to limit greenhouse gas emissions. Most Portuguese respondents (57%) would be in favour of limiting the amount of meat and dairy products that people can buy (11 percentage points less than Italians, with 68%, but 7 percentage points more than Spaniards, with 50%).

In the words of EIB Vice-President Ricardo Mourinho Félix, “The outcome of the EIB Climate Survey shows that Portuguese people are more than willing to help fight climate change at the individual level. As the EU climate bank, we welcome this commitment. It is our role to enable people to fight the climate crisis. We do this by financing green services such as sustainable transport, renewable energy and energy-efficient buildings. We will continue to support projects and initiatives that accelerate the green transition and are looking for innovative ways to contribute to a prosperous future that leaves no one behind.”

Background information

About the EIB Climate Survey

The European Investment Bank (EIB) has now performed the fifth annual EIB Climate Survey, a thorough assessment of how people feel about climate change. Conducted in partnership with the market research firm BVA, the fifth edition of the EIB Climate Survey aims to inform the broader debate on attitudes and expectations in terms of climate action. More than 28 000 respondents participated in the survey in August 2022, with a representative panel of people aged 15 and above for each of the 30 countries polled.

About the European Investment Bank

The European Investment Bank (EIB) is the long-term lending institution of the European Union and is owned by the EU Member States. The EIB Group has adopted a Climate Bank Roadmap to deliver on its ambitious agenda to support €1 trillion of climate action and environmental sustainability investments in the decade to 2030, and to deliver more than 50% of EIB finance for climate action and environmental sustainability by 2025. As part of the roadmap, all new EIB Group operations have been aligned with the goals and principles of the Paris Agreement since the start of 2021.

EIB Global is the EIB Group’s new specialised arm devoted to increasing the impact of international partnerships and development finance. EIB Global is designed to foster strong, focused partnerships within Team Europe, alongside fellow development finance institutions and civil society. EIB Global brings the Group closer to local people, companies and institutions through our offices around the world.

About BVA

BVA is an opinion research and consulting firm recognised as one of the most innovative market research firms in its sector. Specialised in behavioural marketing, BVA combines data science and social science to make data inspiring and bring it to life. BVA is also a member of the Worldwide Independent Network of Market Research (WIN), a global network of some of the world’s leading market research and survey players, with over 40 members.