Capping individual consumption
Most Portuguese respondents (68%) say they would be in favour of a carbon budget system that would allocate each individual a fixed number of yearly credits to be spent on items with a big carbon footprint (non-essential goods, flights, meat, etc.). Nearly the same rate of Italian participants share this opinion (64%), whereas only 57% of French participants and 59% of Spanish respondents would be in favour.
It is noteworthy that most Portuguese people favour this measure regardless of income (71% of lower-income, 69% of middle-income, and over 66% of higher-income respondents).
Food labelling and pricing
Food production accounts for a significant share of greenhouse gas emissions. To help people make more sustainable choices when grocery shopping, 90% of Portuguese people are in favour of labelling all food products with their climate footprint. This is 6 percentage points above the rate in Spain (84%) and 7 percentage points above the rate in France (83%).
In addition, 67% of Portuguese respondents say they would be willing to pay slightly more for food that is produced locally and more sustainably (a similar level to Spaniards, with 66%, but 7 percentage points more than French people, with 60%). This willingness to pay more for food spans all income groups.
Reducing the consumption of meat and dairy products would be another efficient way to limit greenhouse gas emissions. Most Portuguese respondents (57%) would be in favour of limiting the amount of meat and dairy products that people can buy (11 percentage points less than Italians, with 68%, but 7 percentage points more than Spaniards, with 50%).
In the words of EIB Vice-President Ricardo Mourinho Félix, “The outcome of the EIB Climate Survey shows that Portuguese people are more than willing to help fight climate change at the individual level. As the EU climate bank, we welcome this commitment. It is our role to enable people to fight the climate crisis. We do this by financing green services such as sustainable transport, renewable energy and energy-efficient buildings. We will continue to support projects and initiatives that accelerate the green transition and are looking for innovative ways to contribute to a prosperous future that leaves no one behind.”
About the EIB Climate Survey
The European Investment Bank (EIB) has now performed the fifth annual EIB Climate Survey, a thorough assessment of how people feel about climate change. Conducted in partnership with the market research firm BVA, the fifth edition of the EIB Climate Survey aims to inform the broader debate on attitudes and expectations in terms of climate action. More than 28 000 respondents participated in the survey in August 2022, with a representative panel of people aged 15 and above for each of the 30 countries polled.
About the European Investment Bank
The European Investment Bank (EIB) is the long-term lending institution of the European Union and is owned by the EU Member States. The EIB Group has adopted a Climate Bank Roadmap to deliver on its ambitious agenda to support €1 trillion of climate action and environmental sustainability investments in the decade to 2030, and to deliver more than 50% of EIB finance for climate action and environmental sustainability by 2025. As part of the roadmap, all new EIB Group operations have been aligned with the goals and principles of the Paris Agreement since the start of 2021.
EIB Global is the EIB Group’s new specialised arm devoted to increasing the impact of international partnerships and development finance. EIB Global is designed to foster strong, focused partnerships within Team Europe, alongside fellow development finance institutions and civil society. EIB Global brings the Group closer to local people, companies and institutions through our offices around the world.
BVA is an opinion research and consulting firm recognised as one of the most innovative market research firms in its sector. Specialised in behavioural marketing, BVA combines data science and social science to make data inspiring and bring it to life. BVA is also a member of the Worldwide Independent Network of Market Research (WIN), a global network of some of the world’s leading market research and survey players, with over 40 members.