Les dirigeants de 30 institutions de financement du développement, dont Philippe Maystadt, le président de la Banque européenne d'investissement, adoptent ce jour le Cadre pour le développement de la gouvernance d'entreprise, une série de lignes directrices communes visant à soutenir le développement économique durable dans les marchés émergents.
Une bonne gouvernance permet aux entreprises d’accroître leur efficacité, d’attirer des capitaux et de se prémunir contre la corruption et la mauvaise gestion. Elle les rend plus responsables et transparentes et encourage les investisseurs à faire confiance aux entreprises publiques et privées dans les pays en développement.
Avec ce cadre, les signataires espèrent répondre à l’appel que le G 20 a lancé aux institutions de financement du développement pour qu’elles renforcent leur coordination et assurent la réalisation de certaines réformes institutionnelles essentielles portant notamment sur un engagement accru en faveur de la transparence, de la responsabilisation et d'une gouvernance d'entreprise efficace.
En tant que bailleurs de fonds à des entreprises actives dans certains des marchés les plus difficiles au monde, les institutions de financement du développement peuvent être à l’avant-garde de la promotion de bonnes pratiques en matière de gouvernance d'entreprise. Le Cadre pour le développement de la gouvernance d’entreprise aidera les institutions signataires à évaluer les risques et les possibilités en matière de gouvernance des entreprises dans lesquelles elles investissent. Les signataires entendent sensibiliser le secteur public comme le secteur privé à l’importance d’une bonne gouvernance pour un développement économique durable. Ces entreprises seront appelées à mettre en œuvre cette stratégie à leur propre rythme et au niveau qui convient à leurs institutions. Elles collaboreront également pour mettre en exergue les mérites d’une bonne gouvernance d’entreprise. Chaque institution adoptant ce Cadre s’engage à :
- intégrer la gouvernance d’entreprise dans sa stratégie d’investissement en adoptant des procédures et des outils adaptés à ce Cadre, évaluer la gouvernance d’entreprise des bénéficiaires de ses investissements et, le cas échéant, élaborer des plans d’action.
- identifier le personnel chargé de la mise en œuvre et de la supervision du Cadre ;
- fournir ou obtenir des formations pour assurer le renforcement des compétences et le partage de connaissances en matière de gouvernance d’entreprise ;
- collaborer avec d’autres signataires en vue de partager des expériences et des ressources en matière de formation et de mise en œuvre ;
- rendre compte chaque année de la mise en œuvre de ce Cadre.
Le DFI Corporate Governance Working Group (groupe de travail sur la gouvernance d’entreprise organisé par les IFD) est responsable de l'élaboration du cadre stratégique. Parmi ses membres, on compte la Banque asiatique de développement (BAsd), la Banque de commerce et de développement de la mer Noire (BSTDB), la CAF, le Capital for Development Group (CDC), la DEG (Deutsche Investitions- und Entwicklungsgesellschaft mbh), la société néerlandaise de financement du développement (FMO), la Banque européenne pour la reconstruction et le développement (BERD), la Société financière internationale (IFC) et la Banque islamique de développement (BIsD).
Les institutions qui ont signé le Cadre pour le développement de la gouvernance d’entreprise couvrent la plupart des marchés émergents du monde, notamment l’Afrique, l’Amérique latine et les Caraïbes, l’Asie, le Moyen-Orient et l’Europe orientale et méridionale. Globalement, leurs actifs s’élèvent à environ 955 milliards d’USD.
Pour de plus amples informations sur le Cadre pour le développement de la gouvernance d’entreprise, veuillez visiter le site http://dfi-cg.isdb.org/Pages/default.aspx.
Voir le Cadre pour le développement de la gouvernance d’entreprise, un cadre visant l’intégration de la gouvernance d’entreprise dans les opérations d’investissement (lien).
Vous trouverez ci-dessous la liste complète des institutions participantes. Ce Cadre a été élaboré de manière à permettre également à d’autres investisseurs des marchés émergents de signer l’accord à l’avenir.
About the Asian Development Bank
ADB, based in Manila, is dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific through inclusive economic growth, environmentally sustainable growth and regional integration. Established in 1966, it is owned by 67 members -- 48 from the region. In 2010, ADB approvals, including co-financing, totaled $17.51 billion. In addition, ADB's ongoing Trade Finance Program supported $2.8 billion in trade.
Karen Lane, firstname.lastname@example.org, 632-632-6138
Bancóldex is the Colombian entrepreneurial development and Ex-Im bank. It provides financial and non financial services to enterprises, giving priority to Micro, Small and Medium Sized Enterprises. It works to promote economic development and contributes to the enhancement of competitiveness of Colombian firms, satisfying their financial needs by supplying specialized services. As a development bank, it also supports modernization of the productive apparatus through transformation of payment terms. Founded in 1991, Bancóldex is a state owned bank incorporated as a mixed-capital company that operates under the same legal regime as private sector financial institutions.
Diana Santamaria Ramirez, email@example.com
BICE (Investment and Foreign Trade Bank) is a public financial institution constituted as a corporation in 1991, with the Argentine Government as sole shareholder. Since its creation, its mission has been to establish programs and policies aimed at promoting investment and trade, while maintaining the institution’s profitability and a top credit rating in the banking system. In the beginning, BICE offered long-term resources to the banking sector. In 2003, BICE started granting direct financing to the productive sector. Since then, the Bank’s disbursements have experienced sustained growth, at a 25% annual rate, maintaining a 1% non-performing loan portfolio. In 2010, BICE positioned itself as the main source of long term resources in direct financing to the private sector accounting for 79% of long-term credits in the financial system. In its business plan 2011-2015, BICE is focusing on financing strategic development areas (technological innovation, renewable energies and environmental protection) and designing new financial instruments (syndicated lending with international partners, trust funds and equity investment). For more information www.bice.com.ar
Valeria Fontan, firstname.lastname@example.org, 011 153266 6698
BIO is a Development Finance Institution (DFI) established in 2001 in the framework of the Belgian Development Cooperation to support private sector growth in developing and emerging countries. BIO finances the financial sector, enterprises and private infrastructure projects. Endowed with capital worth EUR 465 million, BIO provides tailored long-term financial products and finances technical assistance programmes and feasibility studies.
Emmanuelle Liessens, email@example.com, +32 2 778 99 99
The Black Sea Trade and Development Bank (BSTDB) is an international financial institution established by Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Turkey, and Ukraine. The BSTDB headquarters is in Thessaloniki, Greece. BSTDB supports economic development and regional cooperation by providing loans, credit lines, equity and guarantees for projects and trade financing in the public and private sectors in its member countries. BSTDB is rated long-term A by Standard and Poor’s and A3 by Moody’s. See www.bstdb.org for more information.
Haroula Chistodoulou, firstname.lastname@example.org, +30 2310290533
CAF, Latin American development bank, has the mission of stimulating sustainable development and regional integration by financing projects in the public and private sectors, and providing technical cooperation and other specialized services. Founded in 1970 and currently with 18 member countries from Latin America, the Caribbean, and Europe along with 14 private banks, CAF is one of the main sources of multilateral financing and an important generator of knowledge for the region. For more information visit www.caf.com
Saskia Luengo, email@example.com, +58212-2092353
CDC’s mission is to be a pioneering investor, stimulating the private sector and demonstrating the power of enterprise and private capital to reduce poverty in the poorest parts of the world. Owned by the UK government’s Department for International Development, CDC is the world’s oldest development finance institution and has been investing in businesses in the developing world for over 60 years. CDC concentrates on the low and lower-middle income countries of sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia where 70% of the world’s poor live. In lower-income countries, CDC’s investments focus is on regions and sectors of need where capital is scarce.
Miriam de Lacy, firstname.lastname@example.org, +44 207 484 7711
Operating since 1990, COFIDES provides cost-effective financial support for projects involving Spanish interest in developing, transitional and emerging countries. With own resources over €60 million, COFIDES is 61% owned by the Spanish Government while 39% is held by three of the largest Spanish commercial banking groups. COFIDES manages two Spanish Government trust funds established to support Spanish investments abroad (FIEX and FONPYME) and cofinancing facilities established with Multilateral Financial Institutions.
Fernando Aceña, email@example.com, +34 91 745 44 85
DEG, member of KfW Bankengruppe (KfW banking group), has been specialising in long-term project and corporate financing since 1962. As one of Europe’s largest development finance institutions, DEG structures and finances investments by private companies in Africa, Asia, Latin America as well as in Central and Eastern Europe. DEG invests in profitable projects that contribute to sustainable development in all sectors of the economy, from agriculture to infrastructure and manufacturing to services. One focus is on investments in the financial sector in order to facilitate reliable access to investment capital for enterprises.
Christiane Rudolph, hristiane Rudolph@deginvest.de, +49 221 4986 1530
We work together with the private sector financing projects in 29 countries from central Europe and the Western Balkans to central Asia. Since our establishment in 1991 we have become the largest financial investor in our region of operations. With the ability and willingness to bear risk on behalf of our clients, we help their countries in the region to become open, market economies. We provide project financing for banks, industries and businesses, both new ventures and investments in existing companies. We also work with publicly owned companies. We are owned by 61 countries, the European Union and the European Investment Bank.
Svitlana Pyrkalo, firstname.lastname@example.org, +44 207 338 6002
About the European Investment Bank
The European Investment Bank is the world’s largest multinational financial institution and lent EUR 72 billion for 460 projects around the world in 2010. The European Investment Bank was created by the Treaty of Rome in 1958 as the long-term lending bank of the European Union. The task of the Bank is to contribute towards the integration, balanced development and economic and social cohesion of the EU Member States. The EIB raises substantial volumes of funds on the capital markets which it lends on favorable terms to projects furthering EU policy objectives. The EIB operates on a non-profit maximizing basis and lends at close to the cost of borrowing.
Richard Willis, email@example.com, +352 621 555758
Finnfund is a Finnish development finance company that provides long-term risk capital for private projects in emerging markets and certain transition economies. By sharing risks with the sponsors, Finnfund seeks to promote investments that are not only profitable but also environmentally and socially sound. Finnfund invests mainly with Finnish companies but can also finance their local partners, such as long-term customers, suppliers, subcontractors and companies that license technology. In addition, Finnfund can co-invest with other development finance institutions in projects that do not directly involve Finnish business but that generate significant environmental or social benefits. Renewable energy, forestry and telecommunications are among the industries where Finnfund is eager to co-finance projects with other development financiers.
Hannele Korhonen, firstname.lastname@example.org, +358 9 3484 3337
FMO (the Netherlands Development Finance Company) is the Dutch development bank. FMO supports sustainable private sector growth in developing and emerging markets by investing in ambitious entrepreneurs. FMO believes a strong private sector leads to economic and social development, empowering people to employ their skills and improve their quality of life. FMO focuses on four sectors that have high development impact: financial institutions, energy, housing, and agribusiness. With an investment portfolio of EUR 5 billion, FMO is one of the largest bilateral private sector development banks
Rene de Sevaux, email@example.com, +31 70 314 9868
The Islamic Development Bank is an international financial institution established in 1975 with a mission to promote comprehensive human development, with a focus on the priority areas of alleviating poverty, improving health, promoting education, improving governance and prospering the people. The present membership of the Bank consists of 56 countries. The basic condition for membership is that the prospective member country should be a member of the Organization of the Islamic Cooperation, pay its contribution to the capital of the Bank and be willing to accept such terms and conditions as may be decided upon by the IsDB Board of Governors. The authorized capital of the Bank has been increased to US$45 billion and the subscribed capital became US$23 billion Headquartered in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the IsDB has four regional offices in Morocco, Malaysia, Kazakhstan, and Senegal.
Khaled A. Nazer, firstname.lastname@example.org, +96626466421
IFC, a member of the World Bank Group, is the largest global development institution focused exclusively on the private sector. We help developing countries achieve sustainable growth by financing investment, providing advisory services to businesses and governments, and mobilizing capital in the international financial markets. In fiscal 2011, amid economic uncertainty across the globe, we helped our clients create jobs, strengthen environmental performance, and contribute to their local communities—all while driving our investments to an all-time high of nearly $19 billion. For more information, visit www.ifc.org
Vanessa Bauza, email@example.com, 202-458-1603
IFU, the Industrialisation Fund for Developing Countries, is a financial institution established by the Danish Government in 1967 as a self-governing Fund. IFU can co-finance projects in developing countries with a per capita income below USD 6,098 (in 2011). 50% of IFU’s yearly investment must be made in countries with a per capital income below USD 3.156. IØ, the Investment Fund for Central and Eastern Europe, was established in 1989. IØ finances projects in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine. The two Funds share the same Supervisory Board and Executive Board. It is a condition for IFU-IØ’s financial participation in a project that there is a private Danish co-investor.
Rune Norgaard, firstname.lastname@example.org, +45 3363 7560
The IIC is a multilateral financial institution that is a member of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) Group. The IIC’s mission is to promote the economic development of its regional member countries by encouraging the establishment, expansion, and modernization of private enterprises, particularly those that are small and medium in size. It does so by providing financing (in the form of equity investments, loans, guarantees, and other instruments) and advisory services to private enterprises in Latin America and the Caribbean. In 2010, the IIC reached US$1.4 billion in assets and approved forty-nine operations channeling US$374.8 million to SMEs in the region. For more information on the IIC’s activities, please visit www.iic.org.
Sylvia Szankay, email@example.com, (202) 623-3878
Norfund was established by the Norwegian Parliament in 1997 with the aim to develop and establish sustainable and profitable businesses in poor countries. The purpose is to promote business development and contribute to financial growth and poverty reduction. Norfund contributes to the realisation of viable projects which balance economic, social and environmental considerations. Norfund invests within four different investment areas: Industrial Partnerships, Financial Institutions, SMB Funds and Renewable Energy. Norfund. Can invest in countries with a GDP per capita of less than USD 6885 (2011 OECD DAC-list).
Heidi Berg, firstname.lastname@example.org, +47 99 70 10 61
Oesterreichische Entwicklungsbank AG (OeEB) has been operating as the official Development Bank of Austria since March 2008. It is specialized in the provision of long-term finance for the implementation of private sector projects in developing countries which create sustainable development. OeEB provides tailor-made financing solutions for a diverse set of long-term investments that would otherwise find it difficult to raise funding or borrow money in international capital markets. Additionally OeEB provides Technical Assistance (Advisory Programmes) which can be used to enhance the developmental impact of projects.
Angelika Rädler, email@example.com, +43 1 533 12 00-2979
The Société de Promotion et de Participation pour la Coopération Economique (PROPARCO) is a development finance institution with Agence Française de Développement (AFD), the French government-owned development financial institution as the majority owner. Other shareholders of include major French private banks and companies, and international banks from developing countries. PROPARCO combines both a developmental objective with profit-oriented requirements and finances and invests in manufacturing, infrastructure and service sectors, including financial services. In 2009, PROPARCO’s geographical coverage was extended to all countries eligible to development aid according to OECD rules. The rationale behind PROPARCO’s funding may be summarised in four keywords: Long-term involvement, additionality, profitability and innovation.
Benjamin Neumann, firstname.lastname@example.org, +33 1 53 44 31 66
BMI-SBI is a semi-public investment company, whose main objective is the medium to long term co-financing of foreign investments by Belgian companies. Its major shareholders are Belgian public institutions, the Federal Investment Company and the Central Bank of Belgium, as well as private companies such as BNP Paribas Fortis, ING Bank and Electrabel. Its activities are oriented towards the creation of new subsidiaries or joint ventures worldwide, as well as the acquisition, restructuring or further development of existing foreign subsidiaries, always in co-operation with Belgian companies.
email@example.com, +32 2 776 01 00
The Swiss Investment Fund for Emerging Markets (SIFEM) is the Swiss Development Finance Institution. It provides long-term finance to private equity funds and financial institutions in emerging markets. SIFEM's primary focus is on institutions investing in the SME sector. On a selective basis, SIFEM also invests in microfinance. SIFEM's investment philosophy is guided by the belief that investing in commercially viable emerging market SMEs can provide investors risk adjusted returns, as well as generate sustainable, long-term development effects in local communities. SIFEM is fully owned by the Swiss Confederation and managed by Obviam, a privately owned management advisory group.
Claude Barras, firstname.lastname@example.org, +41 31 310 0931
SOFID – Sociedade para o Financiamento do Desenvolvimento, Instituição Financeira de Crédito, SA was established on October 11, 2007. It is majority-owned by the Portuguese State (59.99%) with the remaining shareholders being four major Portuguese banks. Its status allows SOFID to exercise diverse financial operations. SOFID's role is to offer the full spectrum of financial tools to foster investment and business in developing countries, and to contribute for the sustainable development of these countries. SOFID is mandated to focus especially on beneficiary countries of the Portuguese Official Development Assistance (ODA). SOFID's mission is to foster investment and business, and to support Portuguese companies which have investments or wish to invest in these countries, either alone or in partnerships which local investors.
email@example.com, +351 21 313 77 60
Swedfund International AB offers risk capital and know-how for investments in Africa, Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe (non-EU members). Swedfund´s vision is to contribute to the development of viable businesses thereby stimulating sustainable economic development in its investment countries. Swedfund is specialised in the field of complex investment environments with a high level of country risk. With a broad spectrum of financial solutions, combined with knowledge and experience, Swedfund enable our partners to invest more successfully.
Maria Lannér, firstname.lastname@example.org, +46 8 725 9417