The 2022-2023 EIB Climate Survey explores people’s views on climate change in a rapidly changing world. The results from this release focus on citizens’ views surrounding the impacts of the war in Ukraine and the recent rise in energy prices.
Explore the results from this release of the Climate Survey.
- 66% of people surveyed in the European Union believe that the Russian invasion of Ukraine and its consequences should accelerate the green transition (vs. 62% in the United Kingdom, 60% in China and 52% in the United States).
- 84% of EU respondents say that if we do not drastically reduce our consumption of energy and goods in the coming years, we will be heading for a global catastrophe (vs. 88% of Chinese respondents, 83% of British respondents and 72% of American respondents).
- 63% of people surveyed in the European Union want energy prices to be tied to consumption, with the biggest consumers charged more (vs. 83% in China, 63% in the United Kingdom and 57% in the United States).
Climate change awareness and urgency
While COVID-19 was considered the number one challenge facing EU, British and American citizens last year, economic issues now dominate their concerns. The increased cost of living and widespread economic and financial issues top the list in the European Union, the United Kingdom and the United States. In China, the coronavirus pandemic remains the number one concern of the population.
A large majority of people surveyed in the European Union and China say they feel the effects of climate change on their daily lives (80% and 91%, respectively). Meanwhile, this perception is less pronounced among Americans (67%) and British people (65%).
84% of EU respondents say that if we do not drastically reduce our consumption of energy and goods in the coming years, we will be heading for a global catastrophe (vs. 88% of Chinese respondents, 83% of British respondents and 72% of American respondents). Meanwhile, 87% of people surveyed in the European Union and 85% in the United Kingdom feel that their government has been too slow to act in averting climate change, an opinion that is slightly less prevalent in China (76%) and the United States (74%). Only a minority of British, EU and American respondents think that their governments will succeed in substantially reducing their carbon emissions by 2030 (30%, 36% and 45%, respectively). Chinese respondents seem much more confident, with 91% saying their government will succeed in doing so.
War in Ukraine and green transition
Most EU (66%), British (62%) and Chinese (60%) respondents believe that the war in Ukraine and its consequences on the price of oil and gas should accelerate the green transition. Americans are split: a narrow majority (52%) agrees, while 48% view the war as a reason to actually slow down the green transition.