In Europe, 39% cite a radical change in their habits (consumption, transport, etc.) as the most appropriate way to fight climate change. For Chinese respondents (32%) and Americans (31%), this option is ranked as the second most effective way to limit climate change.
On the other hand, people in China (35%) and the United States (34%) believe technological improvements (e.g. innovation, digitalisation, development of renewable energy) are the most effective way to fight climate change. Meanwhile, 29% of Europeans named this option as the best way to tackle the climate crisis.
Views within Europe vary on the best way to tackle the climate crisis. People in Portugal (51%), Slovakia (44%), Luxembourg (43%) and Germany (42%) believe that radical behaviour changes will have the biggest impact in fighting the climate crisis. But citizens in the Nordic and Baltic countries have more confidence in technological innovation (40% in Sweden, 38% in Finland, 36% in Denmark, 36% in Estonia, 37% in Latvia, 37% in Lithuania).
But people still believe their choices and actions can contribute to the fight against climate change. 72% of European citizens believe that their own behaviour can make a difference in tackling climate change. This conviction is shared by 72% of American and 84% of Chinese respondents. Compared to 2019, the number of people answering positively to this question increased everywhere, with an increase of three points in the EU, seven points in the US and 12 points in China.