EU bank tackles investment gaps in innovation and development
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- Release date: 18 January 2018
- Reference: 2018-006-EN
- Record number of 901 projects approved in 2017, up 15% on 2016
- More than 78 billion euros for infrastructure, innovation, the environment and small and medium-sized enterprises
- President Hoyer proposes reorganisation to increase efficiency in development finance
“Since its establishment in 1958 the EU bank, which celebrates its 60th anniversary this year, has invested over one trillion euros based on a cash contribution by the Member States of just 14 billion euros,” European Investment Bank President Werner Hoyer said today.
“It is an excellent deal for Europeans. That trillion attracted other investment from the private sector, generating total investment of over three trillion euros. All this money went into making Europe more open, competitive, cohesive and fair, and into doing our part in global development over the decades”, stated Hoyer at the EIB Group’s annual press conference in Brussels. “60 years after it was founded, the EU bank’s mission to invest in viable projects across Europe and across the world, focusing on where investment is most needed, is more relevant than ever. But we are not complacent and continuously work to increase our impact”, he added.
The EU bank also continuously works to improve its governance. This week, the first Gender Action Plan was approved. It reflects the EIB Group’s commitment to supporting the rights of girls and women and their financial inclusion in the EIB’s activities in Europe and beyond.
In 2017, the EU bank:
- approved a record number of 901 projects, supporting small and medium-sized companies, fostering innovation, protecting the environment and helping to build crucial infrastructure;
- provided 78.16 billion euros to help deliver on EU policy goals in Europe and worldwide, supporting total investment of around 250 billion euros by crowding in private capital.
Growth capital gap
The record number of projects reflects a stronger focus on smaller deals and increasing support for innovative companies to help them grow. By filling the gap in the European market for growth capital, the EU bank is helping to increase the continent’s competitiveness. In 2017, nearly 30 billion euros of financing went to small and medium-sized companies and nearly 14 billion into innovation. The European Investment Fund (EIF), as part of the EIB Group, plays a crucial role in this area as the biggest single source of venture capital in Europe. The EIF committed 9.34 billion euros of financing last year.
The EIB Group has also been increasing its advisory services aimed at identifying and developing investable projects. By the end of 2017, our ongoing advisory assignments had the potential to generate 40 billion euros of new investment. “Our specialists are working on these assignments mostly in cohesion countries, allowing us to reach a wider range of companies and public entities which need help in making their projects bankable,” Hoyer said.
Delivering on the Juncker Plan
Using the EU budget and the EIB’s own funds under the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI), a guarantee facility managed by the EIB Group, the EU bank engaged in riskier investments, reducing the risk for private investors and addressing the reluctance to invest that had plagued the European economy during the financial crisis. By the end of 2017, EFSI, the financial arm of the Juncker Plan, had mobilised 257 billion euros of investment. This means that EFSI is well on track to achieve 315 billion euros of investment based on a guarantee of 21 billion.
“EFSI is a great example of what the EU bank can do to help scarce public resources achieve more”, President Hoyer said. “It shows that the shift from grants and subsidies to loans and guarantees can be a powerful policy tool. We welcome the extension of the Juncker Plan approved earlier this year. Based on the lessons learned during this period and our strong track record, we offered to take on more responsibility under the post-2020 EU Multiannual Financial Framework.”
Increasing the impact of development finance
Development finance can benefit from a similar paradigm shift from grants and subsidies to loans and guarantees. The EIB has unique experience in crowding in private investment. “We have begun discussions with our shareholders, the EU Member States, and the European Commission on bundling our development finance activities into a dedicated structure within the Group to deliver EU development policy more efficiently”, President Hoyer said.
“We want to enhance our impact and make sure we get better at partnering with others”. President Hoyer said. “There isn’t enough public money in the world to address global development challenges. Catalysing private investments is the only way to finance the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals,” he added.
“Multilateralism has been criticised and attacked recently. The EU bank remains committed to international and multilateral cooperation. No-one is stronger alone. In an interconnected world, it is absurd to think that we can achieve success in delivering global development and prosperity if we don’t work together”, he added.
The EU bank is already one of the largest multilateral development banks: in 2017, it invested almost eight billion euros, a tenth of its financing volume, in projects outside of the EU.
Tackling climate change
Two focus areas of its investment outside the EU are climate change and economic resilience. The EU bank is the biggest single multilateral financier of projects to fight climate change and mitigate the effects of this man-made global threat. In 2017, it invested 19 billion euros for this cause, more than 27 percent of its total financing. It stands by its pledge to invest 100 billion euros in this area over the period 2016-2020.
“The EIB is the world’s largest multilateral financer of climate action projects, and we are proud to continue. Last December, at the One Planet Summit convened by President Macron, we announced our partnership with the Global Covenant of Mayors, co-chaired by Michael Bloomberg and European Commission Vice-President Maroš Šefčovič,” Hoyer said. “The partnership is an example of multilateral cooperation and climate action, in the face of public policy that is sometimes heading in the opposite direction.”
Helping address migration
At the request of the EU, the Bank launched at the end of 2016 the Economic Resilience Initiative, with a view to providing six billion euros in additional investment in the EU’s Southern Neighbourhood and the West Balkans.
“From a humanitarian as well as from an economic perspective, the best solution is to invest into improving people’s living conditions, in order to generate hope and reduce the pressure on them to leave their homes”, Hoyer said.
After one year, the EIB has reached 25 percent of the additional six billion euros volume, as targeted. Additional investment in the region will help improve living conditions and alleviate the causes and consequences of migration. More than half of the financing goes into the private sector, supporting jobs at small and medium-sized companies.
Pioneering new instruments in financing
The EIB Group is not only the biggest multilateral lender, but also the biggest multilateral borrower worldwide. It is self-financed, with its lending activities being mainly funded via bond issuance in the international capital markets. The Bank successfully raised 56.4 billion euros from investors around the world last year. Ten years after pioneering the first Green Bonds, we remain the largest issuer, with over 20 billion euros raised for climate projects since 2007.
Following up on the success of the Green Bonds, the EU Bank is considering introducing new kinds of bonds linked to the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals, with the aim of attracting more private capital to projects in developing countries.
Press conference documents