Paris is the greatest tourist destination in the world, renowned for beautiful buildings that hark back to urban developments from long ago. But for those who live there, the last 40 years have seen major changes, particularly in transport and housing.
The population of the Paris Region (Île-de-France) increased by 20% from 9.9 million inhabitants in 1975 to 12 million in 2015. During this period, 1.7 million housing units were built and 1.5 million jobs created. As the urban, demographic and economic landscapes changed, public policies tried to adapt public investment to this new context. This essay tracks the policies behind those shifts – and looks at how the future is shaping up for the City of Light.